Treatment

The usual treatment of an initial multiple sclerosis attack is to infuse high doses of a steroid, such as methylprednisolone, intravenously over the course of 3 to 5 days. It can sometimes be followed by gradually decreased doses of oral steroids. Intravenous steroids rapidly suppress the immune system and reduce inflammation. Clinical studies have shown that medications accelerate recovery. The American Academy of Neurology recommends using plasma exchange as a secondary treatment of severe relapses of forms of multiple sclerosis with relapses, when the person does not have a good response to methylprednisolone. Plasma exchange, also known as plasmapheresis, involves drawing blood from the body and removing components of blood plasma thought to be harmful. The rest of the blood, plus the plasma is transfused back into the body. This treatment has not been shown to be effective in the progressive secondary or progressive form of MS. Treatments to help reduce activity and disease progression Over the past 20 years, researchers have made great strides in the treatment of multiple sclerosis because of new knowledge about the immune system and the ability to use MRI to monitor the development of the disease in the patient. As a result, a number of medical therapies have been found to reduce relapse in people with relapsed-remitting multiple sclerosis. These drugs are called disease modifying drugs. When Should Multiple Sclerosis Treatment Begin? There is a debate among doctors about whether to start disease-modifying drugs at the first sign of multiple sclerosis or wait until the course of the disease is better defined. On the one hand, drugs approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat MS work best early in the course of the disease. (More info)
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Treatment  Until now, there is no known cure for multiple sclerosis. There are treatments that can slow the progression of the disease or alleviate or control specific symptoms that help to maintain a normal quality of life.The medications most frequenly used are the following:  • Steroids to decrease inflammation and severity of  attacks   • Medicines to change the progress of the disease   • Medications to control symptoms Disease Modifying Treatments Aubagio (teriflunomide) Betaseron (interferon beta-1b) Extavia (interferon beta-1b) Lemtrada (alemtuzumab) Plegridy (peginterferon beta-1a) Tecfidera (dimethyl fumarate)
National MS Society MS Foundation Caribbean Neurological Center    Enfermeras - Esclerosis Múltiple
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